More specifically the project aims to:

1. Design and develop a smart IoT-based system for monitoring selected atmospheric and agronomic parameters, forecasting frost events, and provide early warnings of adverse conditions
2. Assess and predict the vulnerability and sensitivity of different types of fruit trees to frost events
3. Develop and implement anticipated responses to frost events using sustainable techniques with low carbon footprint to reduce the epiphytic populations of ice nucleation active bacteria under a critical threshold
4. Strengthening local capacities and provide guidelines about the best agricultural practices, technologies and support services, to reduce vulnerability and enhance resilience
5. Demonstrate the entire effort to several agricultural areas with different geographical and climatic characteristics
6. Develop the FROSTDEFEND Adaptation Plan to promote best available techniques and environmental practices
7. Increase awareness among target groups and end-users towards climate responsible attitudes

Actions and means involved

Action C: Implementation actions

C1. Database construction of key frost event indicators
C2. Development of the LIFE-FROSTDEFEND tool
C3. Pilot implementation and evaluation of the LIFE-FROSTDEFEND tool
C4. Replicability and transferability
C5. LIFE-FROSTDEFEND adaptation and action plan

Action D: Monitoring actions through which the effectiveness and its impact on the environment, society and economy will be monitored.
Action E: Dissemination actions, which focus on disseminating project outcomes, networking with relevant stakeholders and raising awareness.
Action F: Project management actions, defining a comprehensive work plan, planning, executing and monitoring the project progress. The after-Life plan (incl. business plan) will be designed to ensure the long-term sustainability of the project.


The project will produce the following types of results and impacts:

1. Databases of frost-event indicators and agronomic data
2. 3 scientific publications concerning the role of epiphytic bacteria in ice nucleation events and agricultural resilience to climate change

FROST DEFEND tool: A smart monitoring, forecasting and warning system using MSENSIS software and hardware systems and integrating the developed frost forecasting algorithm.

1. FROSTDEFEND adaptation and action plan
2. Awareness raising
3. Creation of a farmer’s network
4. Life cycle analysis of the FROSTDEFEND system and adaptation plan to assess environmental impact
5. Socioeconomic analysis on the FROSTDEFEND analysis
6. Business plan and market analysis for penetrating the FROST DEFEND tool/service into the market of smart farming
7. New competitive service (i.e. hardware and software of the monitoring and forecasting tool) into the market
8. Development of local adaptation strategies for climate change in agriculture
9. Adoption of smart technologies in agriculture
10. Improved networking between farmers, cooperatives, academics, authorities and other interested parties


FrostDefend is funded by the European Union.